Phi208 Week 4 Quiz
1. Robinson suggests that the more closely one associates with one’s identity with a certain group, the more one will (Points : 1) Associate one’s honor with defying the honor of the group
Associate one’s honor with that of the group
Associate one’s honor with that of the enemy group
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Associate one’s honor with the honor of prudence
None of the above
2. Robinson agrees with Aquinas’ idea that (Points : 1) Honor is a subjective quality
Honor is secondary to integrity
Honor must be displayed in action
Honor is secondary to magnanimity
None of the above
3. In Hill’s example, what did the wealthy eccentric man do to his yard after he bought a new house? (Points : 1) cut down an avocado tree
covered the yard with asphalt
remodeled the kitchen
1 and 2
4. Aristotle regards passions and feelings like anger as: (Points : 1) a sign that one lacks rational control over one’s state of mind.
always either an excess or a defect in one’s character.
capable of excess, defect, or the intermediate state characteristic of virtue.
Both (a) and (b).
5. Most definitions of honor regard it as having the following two elements: (Points : 1) Internal and external
Subjective and personal
Constructive and deductive
Military and civilian
None of the above
6. Aristotle claims that the function of human life is: (Points : 1) survival and reproduction.
service to the gods.
to pursue pleasure.
7. According to Aristotle, happiness is: (Points : 1) a contented state of mind.
as much pleasure and as little pain as possible.
feeling good about oneself.
a life that is lived well.
8. According to the scene from The Bridge on the River Kwai, what is the ultimate reason Colonel Nicholson (Alec Guinness) insists that the soldiers work hard to build the best bridge possible: (Points : 1) Because even in captivity, they know that God is watching them.
So that the British forces will be able to fight the Japanese more effectively.
Because the better the bridge, the more benefit they will receive and less punishment they will endure from their captors.
Because it is an expression of the strength and dignity of a soldier even in captivity.
9. In what way would Hill’s notion of “self-acceptance” correspond to Aristotle’s conception of eudaimonia? (Points : 1) They both are inherently selfish and contrary to virtue.
They both require the virtues of arrogance and pride.
Neither has anything to do with ethics.
They both involve acknowledging that we are the sorts of creatures we are.
10. In The Emperor’s Club, what best describes the teacher’s (Kevin Kline) response to his student’s (Emile Hirsch) admission of cheating? (Points : 1) He hugged him and thanked him for being honest.
He threatened to turn him in and have him punished.
He challenged him to regard virtue and character as more important than success alone.
He reminded him that it is against school policy to cheat, and thus that he erred by breaking the school’s rules.
11. In Aristotle’s view, the virtues are: (Points : 1) acquired through habit.
acquired through philosophical reflection.
a gift from the gods.
something we are either born with or not.
12. Which of the following would be an idea shared both by the teacher (Kevin Kline) from the clip of The Emperor’s Club, and by either MacIntyre or Aristotle (or both)? (Points : 1) If you act dishonestly, you are bound to eventually get caught, and that is why you should always be honest.
If one exercises the virtues like honesty, one is bound to achieve greater wealth, success, and honor.
Cheating might lead to external success, but at the cost of internal failure.
Watch what you say because you never know who might be listening .
13. Hill would claim that a lack of aesthetic perception (Points : 1) might indicate an inability to appreciate the true value of things in general.
might indicate that the person simply has a different set of subjective tastes.
might indicate that one lacks a precise philosophical account of the beautiful.
might indicate an inability to express proper self-deception.
14. Aristotle states that if we ask what the highest good of human action is: (Points : 1) there is no agreement about the answer.
most people agree that it is pleasure.
nearly everyone agrees that it is happiness.
there is no objective answer to this question.
15. Hill refers to the ability to understand oneself, to face oneself, and to be honest about the kind of creature one is by this term: (Points : 1) Self-love
16. Robinson describes magnanimity and integrity as both primarily concerned with what? (Points : 1) Honor
17. Hill uses this technique in the middle of the article to examine ideas about the human’s place within nature: (Points : 1) He presents specific factual examples that demonstrate harm to the environment.
He presents a fictional example of a perfect island.
He asks the reader to imagine a specific world that contained inherent worth.
He creates a dialogue between an environmentalist and anti-environmentalist.
18. Robinson argues that honor (Points : 1) Encourages restraint in warfare
Encourages heroism in warfare
Encourages the waging of war
Encourages abuse in warfare
All of the above
19. According to Aristotle, we should begin ethical inquiry by specifying: (Points : 1) which things are intrinsically valuable.
the ultimate aim of all that we do.
what our fundamental duties are.
what constraints on behavior it would be reasonable to agree to.
20. According to Robinson, a person who has integrity is someone who: (Points : 1) Does what is right, only if it is approved of by others
Does what is right, even when it is disapproved of by others
Does what is right, only when commanded to do so
Does what is right, unless they are commanded to do otherwise
None of the above